Partial Differential Equations and Variational Problems
Org:
Mohammad El Smaily (University of New Brunswick)
[
PDF]
 ZACHARY BRADSHAW, University of Arkansas
Eventual and farfield regularity of some infinite energy solutions to the NavierStokes equations [PDF]

Leray weak solutions are known to exhibit both eventual and farfield regularity. These properties have not been investigated for local Leray solutions, a useful generalized solution class introduced by LemarieRieusset. We establish several eventual and farfield regularity criteria depending on properties of the initial data. These have interesting implications for local Leray solutions with initial data in a wide variety of familiar spaces, e.g. the critical Lebesgue space and the critical, endpoint Lorentz space. As an application, we present new regularity criteria for some discretely selfsimilar solutions to the NavierStokes equations.
 GRAHAM COX, Memorial University
Nodal deficiency, spectral flow, and the DirichlettoNeumann map [PDF]

Courant's nodal domain theorem provides a natural generalization of SturmLiouville theory to higher dimensions; however, the result is in general not sharp. It was recently shown that the nodal deficiency of an eigenfunction is encoded in the spectrum of the DirichlettoNeumann operators for the eigenfunction's positive and negative nodal domains. While originally derived using symplectic methods, this result can also be understood through the spectral flow for a family of boundary conditions imposed on the nodal set. In this talk I will describe this flow for a Schr\"odinger operator with separable potential on a rectangular domain, and describe a mechanism by which low energy eigenfunctions do or do not contribute to the nodal deficiency. Operators on nonrectangular domains and quantum graphs will also be discussed.
This talk represents joint work with Gregory Berkolaiko (Texas A\&M) and Jeremy Marzuola (UNC Chapel Hill).
 THEODORE KOLOKOLNIKOV, Dalhousie University
Pattern formation in the presence of spacedependent parameters [PDF]

In first part of the talk, we consider a standard reactiondiffusion system (the Schnakenberg model) that generates localized spike patterns. Our goal is to characterize the distribution of spikes and their heights in the limit of many spikes, in the presence of spatiallydependent feed rate A(x). This leads to an unusual nonlocal problem for spike locations and their heights. A key ingredient in the solution of the reduced problem is the EulerMaclaurin formula. In the second part of the talk, we look distribution of vortices in BoseEinstein Condensates with a parabolic trap. We find novel equation of motion for vortex centers, and use these equations to derive vortex density as well as the theoretical maximum number of vortices that can fit within the vortex lattice for a given rotation rate. Our results improve on known results in the literature.
 NAM QUANG LE, Indiana University, Bloomington
Holder regularity of the 2D dual semigeostrophic equations [PDF]

The semigeostrophic equations are a simple model used in meteorology to describe
large scale atmospheric flows. They can be derived from the threedimensional incompressible Euler equations, with
Boussinesq and hydrostatic approximations, subject to a strong Coriolis force. Since for large scale atmospheric flows the Coriolis force dominates the advection term, the flow is mostly bidimensional. In this talk, we discuss the Holder regularity of time derivative of solutions to the dual semigeostrophic equations in two dimensions when the initial potential density is bounded away from zero and infinity. Our main tool is an interior Holder estimate in two dimensions for an inhomogeneous linearized MongeAmpere equation
with right hand side being the divergence
of a bounded vector field.
 SAIKAT MAZUMDAR, University of British Columbia
Blowup Analysis for a Nonlinear Elliptic Equation with Critical growth and Hardy weight. [PDF]

In this talk we will study the asymptotic behaviour of a sequence of solutions to a family of elliptic PDEs with Hardy weight and Sobolev critical growth. The blowup analysis will give us conditions under which compactness holds for this sequence and this in turn will help establish the existence of solutions. The location of the singularity, be it in the interior of the domain or on its boundary, affects the analytical properties of the equation and makes the two situations quite different. When the singularity is in the interior then a lower order perturbation suffices for high dimensions, while the curvature of the boundary plays a crucial role if the singularity is on the boundary. This is a joint work with Nassif Ghoussoub(UBC) and Frederic Robert(Universite de Lorraine).
 SCOTT RODNEY, Cape Breton University
Global Sobolev Inequalities and Degenerate pLaplacians [PDF]

Reporting on joint work with D. CruzUribe and E. Rosta, I discuss a localglobal result for matrix weighted Sobolev inequalities using a PDE approach. Given a nonnegative definite $n\times n$ matrix function $Q=Q(x)$ in a domain $\Omega$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$, our main result is achieved through a regularity analysis for a one parameter family of matrix weighted $p$Laplacians ($p>1$) of the form
\[ X_{p,\tau} u =
\text{div}\Big(\big\sqrt{Q} \nabla u\big^{p2}Q\nabla u\Big)  \tau
u^{p2}u \]
for $\tau\in(0,1)$.
 TUOC VAN PHAN, University of Tennessee
Regularity estimates for BMOweak solutions of quasilinear elliptic equations with inhomogeneous boundary conditions [PDF]

This talk is about the regularity estimates in Lebesgue spaces for gradients of weak solutions of a class of general quasilinear equations of $p$Laplacian type in bounded domains with inhomogeneous conormal boundary conditions. In the considered class of equations, the principals are vector field functions measurable $x$variable, and nonlinearly depending on both solution and its gradient. This class of equations consists of the wellknown class of degenerate $p$Laplace equations for $p >1$. Under some sufficient conditions, we establish local interior, local boundary, and global $W^{1,q}$regularity estimates for weak solutions with $q>p$, assuming that the weak solutions are in the JohnNirenberg BMO space. The obtained results improve available results because they do not require the boundedness or continuity assumptions on solutions. The results also unify and cover known results for equations in which the principals are vector field function of only $x$variable and the gradient of solution variable. More than that, we also give a method to treat nonhomogeneous boundary value problems directly without using any form of translations that is sometimes complicated due to the nonlinearities.
 XINWEI YU, University of Alberta
A New ProdiSerrin Type Regularity Criterion in Velocity Directions [PDF]

We prove that a LerayHopf weak solution for the 3D
incompressible NavierStokes equations would stay regular if a
ProdiSerrin type integrability condition in Lorentz spaces is
satisfied by $div (u/u)$, where $u$ is the velocity function. This
is joint work with Mr. Benjamin Pineau.
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